LA at a Glance
QUALITY OF LIFE
Called the City of Angels and most commonly referred to by its initials LA, Los Angeles is the second largest metropolitan area in the United States and the most populous in California. Los Angeles has a long-standing reputation for its sprawl. With a population of more than 3.8 million in the city proper alone, the Los Angeles–Long Beach–Santa Ana Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) boasts a population of almost 13 million. Known for its beaches and sun, Los Angeles averages only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.

Los Angeles is a leading world center of business, international trade, entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology and education. The city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States. The Los Angeles combined statistical area has a gross metropolitan product $735.7 billion (as of 2012), making it the third largest in the world, after the Greater Tokyo and New York MSAs. As the home base of Hollywood, it leads the world in the creation of television productions, video games and recorded music; it is also one of the leaders in motion picture production. Furthermore, 21 Fortune 500 companies are headquartered in the Los Angeles area. Although compared to other major metropolitan areas, Los Angeles’s cost of living is higher than average, but with a great perfect location, economic opportunities and high quality of life, Los Angeles is a city that will be easy to call home.

HISTORY OF LOS ANGELES
The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled thousands of years ago by the Tongva and Chumash Native American tribes. The Southern California region always has been heavily influence by the Spanish culture, ever since it was claimed for the Spanish Empire in 1542. The present site of Los Angeles was reached by Franciscan missionaries in 1769, and in 1771, the first mission in the area, Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, was built. In 1781, a group of settlers of mixed African, Amerindian and European ancestry known as Los Pobladores founded “La Reyna de los Angeles,” which remained a small ranch town for decades in what was called New Spain.

When New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico and was made the city Alta California’s regional capital. With the Mexican–American War, the Americans took control in 1847, but the population growth didn’t start until the arrival of the railroads with the completion of the Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876. With the discovery of oil, by 1923, California had become the country’s largest oil producer. In 1910, Los Angeles annexed Hollywood, already was home to at least 10 movie companies. By 1921, more than 80 percent of the world’s film industry was concentrated in LA, the money from which insulated much of the city from the economic pain of the Great Depression. By 1930, the population had surpassed 1 million.

At the end of World War II, Los Angeles grew rapidly, sprawling into the San Fernando Valley and becoming the birthplace of the Internet in 1969 when as the first ARPANET transmission was sent from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) to Menlo Park. Today, Los Angeles is synonymous with fun, sun, celebrities and beautiful people and continues to grow and grow.

POLITICS
Greater Los Angeles is a politically divided metropolitan area. During the 1970s and 1980s the region leaned toward the Republican Party. Los Angeles County, the most populous, is a Democratic stronghold. Ventura County, Riverside County and San Bernardino County lean toward the Republican Party. Orange County is a Republican stronghold and has been carried by every Republican presidential candidate since 1940, but the state of California consistently votes Democratic in presidential elections.

RELIGION IN LOS ANGELES
The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Los Angeles leads the largest archdiocese in the country. The construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in 2002 in Downtown Los Angeles marked a coming of age of the city’s Catholic, heavily Latino community. There are numerous Catholic churches and parishes throughout Los Angeles.

With 621,000 Jews in the metropolitan area (490,000 in city proper), the region has the second largest population of Jews in the United States. Many varieties of Judaism are represented in the area, including Reform, Conservative, Orthodox and Reconstructionist. The Kabbalah Centre also has a presence in the city.

Los Angeles also has had a rich and influential Protestant tradition. In the early 1900s, the Bible Institute of Los Angeles published the founding documents of the Christian Fundamentalist movement, and the Azusa Street Revival launched Pentecostalism. The Potter’s House Christian Fellowship and Metropolitan Community Church also had their origins in the city, and Billy Graham’s first big success came in LA (in 1949).

Also in the city is the second largest Mormon temple in the world with the Los Angeles California, and the Hollywood region is home to the Celebrity Center of Scientology. Because of Los Angeles’ large multiethnic population, a full range of faiths are practiced as well, including Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Bahá’í, various Eastern Orthodox Churches, Sufism and others. Immigrants from Asia have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
 
Chapters
As one of the largest metropolis areas in ...
Now that you’re relocating to the Los Angeles ...
One of the highest priorities for relocating families ...
Staying healthy is the key to enjoying life. ...
In this chapter, you’ll find information on different ...
The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana Metropolitan Statistical Area ...
QUALITY OF LIFE Called the City of Angels and ...
While just the thought of relocating can be ...
Los Angeles is the largest city in California ...
STAYING ORGANIZED BEFORE THE MOVE You’ve just received exciting ...
Buying a House and Making it a Home ...
Purchasing a house is a big decision to ...
Many people relocate to Los Angeles each year ...
HIGH-RISES, MID-RISE, LOFTS AND TOWNHOUSES ABOUND IN THE ...